The reasons for getting an overexposed photo are many. As I already said, our eyes can process much more detail than a camera, so we can’t capture images by measuring the scene with our eyes. Our eyes can differentiate light and shadow, but our camera can’t.
Another reason to get an overexposed photo is not measuring the Light Meter correctly. Every professional camera has a built-in light meter and if you want to avoid overexposure, then you must know how light meters work.
The light meter settings have three modes and those are Matrix, Centre-Weighted, and Spot Metering. The matrix mode allows you to balance the full scene and keep the exposure just as much as the scene requires.
What if you need to focus on the middle? For this purpose, you can use the center weighted meter setting. This allows keeping the focus centered and giving your scene a balanced exposure.
Now let’s talk about the third one: Spot Meter. As the name suggests, it focuses on a specific spot and provides a balanced exposure where the rest of the images remain as it is.
Now that we know how overexposed photos happen, we can move further to solve it.